A workplace harassment policy without a thorough risk assessment is a <em> “hollow symbol signifying nothing” </em>
A workplace harassment policy without a thorough risk assessment is a “hollow symbol signifying nothing”
The duty of an employer to create and maintain a safe working environment includes ensuring that the workplace is free from all forms of harassment, discrimination and violence. This requires acting expeditiously when claims of harassment, discrimination and violence are reported, but also taking advance measures to mitigate against any risk that renders the workplace unsafe. One such proactive measure is the drafting and implementation of a workplace harassment policy that makes it clear to all those having dealings with the business, that the company has a zero-tolerance approach to all forms of harassment and violence.
At a glance
- Employers have a duty to create a safe working environment free from harassment, discrimination, and violence.
- A workplace harassment policy should be preceded by a risk assessment that considers the specific circumstances of the workplace and parties involved.
- Courts consider the proactive measures taken by an employer and the adequacy of remedial actions when determining vicarious liability under the Employment Equity Act.
In order for a workplace harassment policy to be effective, it must be preceded by a risk assessment that takes into account the specific circumstances of each workplace, all the parties with whom the business has dealings and the parties to whom the business owes a duty to ensure a safe working environment. The duty to provide a safe working environment extends beyond working hours and a workplace harassment policy that lacks specific context is unlikely to assist employers in meeting their obligations in terms of the Occupational Health and Safety Act 85 of 1993 and the Code of Good Practice on the Prevention and Elimination of Harassment and Violence in the Workplace, 2022 (Code).
When determining vicarious liability in terms of section 60 of the Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998 (EEA), the courts analyse both the proactive steps taken by an employer against harassment and whether appropriate remedial action was taken where harassment has occurred. In National Union of Metal Workers of South Africa (NUMSA) and Another v Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa  42 ILJ 2637 (LC), when assessing the employer’s vicarious liability in terms of the EEA, the court placed great emphasis on the fact that the employer had a clearly communicated, accessible sexual harassment policy.
Some of the considerations an employer must take into account when assessing risk include:
- whether the workplace harassment policy meets the minimum requirements set out in item 9 of the Code;
- what proactive measures must be taken in relation to third parties with whom the business has dealings; and
- what measures the business must take to ensure that employees and volunteers are safe during workplace functions, gatherings and trips.
Risk assessments are live documents and must be reviewed periodically and when incidents of harassments arise.
For assistance in drafting a risk assessment and a workplace harassment policy, click here to contact our team of experts.
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