Labour Court and Labour Appeal Court directives - The 2022 return to court

To maintain the functioning of the Labour Court (LC) and Labour Appeal Court (LAC), since the lockdown of March 2020, six directives were issued by the Judge President. 

13 Jan 2022 3 min read Employment Law Alert Article

At a glance

  • Six directives were issued by the Judge President to maintain the functioning of the Labour Court (LC) and Labour Appeal Court (LAC) during the COVID-19 lockdown.
  • On January 5, 2022, two new directives were issued, one regarding service by email (LC 02/2022) and another regarding access to and conduct of proceedings in the courts (LC/LAC 01/2022).
  • Virtual hearings are no longer the default position, and matters will now be heard in open court. Virtual hearings may be considered only for matters where no evidence needs to be presented, and parties must seek agreement and apply to the Judge President in advance.
  • Please note that the information provided is based on the given text and does not represent the full extent of the directives or court procedures.

On 5 January 2022, two new directives were issued referenced: LC 02/2022 being in respect of service by email and directive: LC/LAC 01/2022 being in respect of access to and the conduct of proceedings in the Labour Court and the LAC. The LC 02/2022 directive effectively confirms the existing position on service by email, and directive LC/LAC 01/2022 is important and comes into effect from 17 January 2022 (Directive).

The operations and processes of our court system drastically changed with the 2020 COVID-19 lockdown. The most notable change during this time was the implementation of virtual hearings.

The Directive repeals all previous directives issued since March 2020. Among other changes, the virtual court room is no longer the default position as all matters will now be heard in open court.

Virtual hearings have however, not been eliminated entirely. To have a virtual hearing, the party seeking such format must first seek an agreement with the opponent. Even if agreement is reached between the parties, the party seeking a virtual hearing must apply to the Judge President no less than 14 days prior to the hearing of the matter. This would also apply where no agreement is granted. The application may be submitted in the form of a letter which must obviously be copied to the opposing side and detail the necessity for the matter to be heard virtually instead of in open court. Importantly, only matters where no evidence is to be led will be considered for a virtual platform.

Representatives and litigants who are required to travel to the court building must still comply with any restrictions that may be imposed, and if their travel is not lawful in terms of COVID-19 regulations the matter shall be removed from the roll. This is to cater for restrictions on travel and issues which arose in the High Court in 2020 where representatives travelled to court without necessary permits being issued.

Furthermore, to access the court building a person must submit to a compulsory screening, wear a face mask, adhere to social distancing rules, and comply with any additional directions set out by the Registrar of that court. Parties, their representatives and any other persons accompanying them shall be allowed to enter the courts provided they are not more than ten people, unless arranged otherwise with the Registrar. Representatives may not visit the presiding Judge’s chambers to introduce themselves or raise any issues concerning the matter to be heard unless specifically invited to do so.

Orders and judgments shall be prepared and signed in hard copy. Thereafter, the Judge and Registrar will retain a copy and the order or judgment will be communicated to the parties by email.

The Registrars of the different courts, should they deem it necessary, may also issue directions in respect of practices that will apply specifically to their seat.

2022 sees the return of parties to the various Labour Courts and the Labour Appeal Court in physical form. There is no requirement that a vaccine certificate be produced to access court.

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