An Anton Piller order is therefore highly invasive, brought without notice and theatrically adds an element of surprise. The sine qua non of the order is demonstrating the importance of protecting vital documents and/or material from potentially being destroyed or disposed of, which if destroyed or disposed of would defeat the ends of justice.
The requirements of an Anton Piller order are not extensive but the burden of proving these requirements are high. The requirements are as follows:
- The plaintiff must show that it has a very strong prima facie case;
- There is evidence that the party possesses vital documents and/or material which it might destroy or dispose of so as to defeat the ends of justice; and
- The specific documents and/or material in the possession of the party which might be destroyed or disposed of.
An Anton Piller is therefore not to be used as a yardstick to gain any advantage in anticipated litigation. This was confirmed by the Supreme Court of Appeal (SCA) in the case of Viziya Corporation v Collaborit Holdings (Pty) Ltd & others (1189/17)  ZASCA 189. The court a quo granted an Anton Pillar order in favour of Viziya. In execution of the order, Viziya was able to extract information from Collaborit’s servers which included extracting information from laptops, phones, external hard drives and email accounts. The extent of Viziya’s search was vast, basically a blanket search for unspecified documents/evidence which may or may not exist.
As a consequence of the extent of the Anton Pillar Order, the matter was taken on appeal. On appeal, the SCA held that “An Anton Piller order is directed at preserving evidence that would otherwise be lost or destroyed. It is not a form of early discovery, nor is it a mechanism for a plaintiff to ascertain whether it may have a cause of action. The cause of action must already exist and the preserved evidence must be identified.”
As to whether Viziya indeed met the requirements of an Anton Piller order, the SCA held that the major flaw in Viziya’s case was not the scope of the search of the documents but the failure in its affidavit to identify or specify which vital information was in the possession of Collaborit that needed to be preserved.
The SCA held that due to the invasive nature of an Anton Pillar order, it places a significant burden on the party to ensure that its application diligently and prudently adheres to the requirements of the relief sought. It is therefore limited to instances where there is a substantial case supporting the plaintiff’s belief that the defendant will not properly honour its discovery duties. Essentially, the following needs to be set out in the Anton Piller application:
- A full and proper list of all the vital documents and/or material that the plantiff seeks to remove from the premises of the defendant; and
- The reasons for why the plaintiff believes that the defendant will destroy or dispose of the vital documents and/or material, which reasons must move past mere suspicion.
In the context of the above, an Anton Piller application must be perfectly timed and by its very nature, being an ex parte (without notice) application, contain all the essential facts within the plaintiff’s knowledge irrespective of whether such information is detrimental to the plaintiff’s case.
An Anton Piller application is not a fishing expedition, meaning that the plaintiff must ensure that it fully substantiates its reasons for the application and sets out the vital documents and/or material it believes will be destroyed or disposed of by the defendant as well as the reasons supporting this belief. If the plaintiff fails to lay out these essentials, it may be forced to risk releasing its catch if an application is brought by the defendant to set aside the Anton Pillar order.