Generally speaking, with reference to the publicly available statistics contained in the 2018 annual report of the Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), it demonstrates that investors primarily rely on bilateral or multilateral investment treaties to enforce investment protection, with a further 14% relying on investment contracts between the investor and the host government and an additional 5% relying on investment laws of the host-state.
The ICSID 2018 statistics do not consider non-ICSID investor-state disputes flowing from treaties, investment agreements or domestic legislation usually conducted under the auspices of institutions such as the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce, the Singapore International Arbitration Centre. However, it is estimated that ICSID administers most of all investor-state arbitrations and its statistics is seen as a good yardstick to determine the nature and extent of the utilisation of the international investment protection regimes by foreign investors globally.
The scope of this video insert is limited and does not cover the various nuances flowing from the investment treaties or domestic legislation which provide for investment protection. It merely provides a high-level insight into what is meant by international investment protection.
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