Section 20(1) of the Employment Equity Act requires a designated employer to prepare an employment equity plan which will achieve reasonable progress towards employment equity in that employer’s workforce. This employment equity plan must include the affirmative action measures to be implemented, the procedures used to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the plan, the timetable setting out the plan, objectives, duration, procedures and internal management of disputes regarding the plan and the numerical goals to be achieved of the appointment of underrepresented persons from designated groups (“black people, women and people with disabilities”) in order to achieve equality in the workplace.
A designated employer, who is obliged to comply with the abovementioned, section includes employers who employ more than 50 employees; or those employers with a total annual turnover equal to or above the annual turnover of a small business as prescribed, a municipality, an organ of state and employer bound by a collective agreement. A designated employer is required to report to the Director General on progress made in implementing their employment equity plan.
Non-compliance with the provisions of the Employment Equity Act is monitored by complaints by any employee or trade union representative, the employment equity registry, Labour inspections and Director General Reviews.
The National Director General Review involves the interrogation of company’s employment equity plans to ensure compliance with legislation and whether these plans result in transformation when the plan is implemented. Director General Review consists of a Department of Labour Inspectorate led compliance audit and may involve a documentary audit, as well as interviews with all stakeholders and the objective is to establish whether the employer is compliant and/or making genuine progress towards employment equity, over and above procedural compliance.
In terms of s20(7), the Director-General may apply to the Labour Court to impose a fine in accordance with Schedule 1 if a designated employer fails to prepare or implement an employment equity plan in terms of this section. For a first time offence, an employer will be subject to a fine, the greater of R1 500 000 or 2% of the employer’s turnover. If the employer has contravened the provision once before the fine shall be the greater of R1 800 000 or 4% of the employer’s turnover. The fine increases depending on the repetition of the contravention.
The Department of Trade and Industry’s Broad-based Black Economic Empowerment Commission has also recently announced that they intend to initiate an investigation against specific entities for possible violation of the B-BBEE Act. The penalty for violations of this Act includes fines up to 10% of annual turnover and individuals can be fined or imprisoned for up to 10 years. They can also be barred from contracting with state-owned entities for 10 years.
It is evident that the recent announcements and inspections by these National Departments show that transformation in the workplace is not merely an aspiring paradigm that employers must attempt to comply with, but that it is an objective that must be at the forefront of employer’s priorities which must be strictly enforced.
Companies who qualify as designated employers must be forewarned to be diligent in their compliance with Employment Equity legislation. Non-compliance with the provisions of the EEA could have serious ramifications for the company.
CDH is able to assist employers with checking their compliance against the provisions of the EEA and in preparing and advising on the implementation of an employment equity plan.