28 November 2013 by

High court judgment upholds system of sectoral collective bargaining

The North Gauteng High Court in a judgment on Wednesday (27 November) upheld the system of sectoral collective bargaining under the auspices of Bargaining Councils.

Faan Coetzee, Executive Consultant in the Employment Practice at Cliffe Dekker Hofmeyr, explains,  “ In the matter of Confederation of Associations in the Private Employment Sector and others v Motor Industry bargaining Council and others (Case 46476/2011),  the Court dismissed an application to have certain provisions of the Mibco Main Agreement, limiting the use of labour broker employees in the motor industry, declared unlawful.”

Coetzee explains that the Court held that these provisions do not constitute a trade boycott, the agreement itself is not too vague to be implemented, the provisions legitimately form part of collective bargaining and the provisions are not in breach of the Constitutional rights to freely exercise a trade or profession and fair labour practices.

In dismissing the application the Court emphasized the statutory role that Bargaining Councils play in the various sectors.

“The applicants also challenged the Constitutionality of Section 32 of the Labour Relations Act that empowers the Minister of Labour to extend a Bargaining Council agreement to employers who are not parties to the Bargaining Council but operate within the jurisdiction of the Council. The argument that Councils in terms of S32 are given unrestricted delegated powers to legislate to private enterprise was rejected by the Court. The mechanisms in place before an agreement is extended and the requirement of an independent exemption body that non-parties may approach are sufficient protection. Section 23(5) of the Constitution protects collective bargaining which is regulated by the Labour Relations Act ("LRA"). The Bargaining Councils are created by the LRA and give effect to Section 23(5) of the Constitution.”

Coetzee adds, “The judgment upholding the right of the Minister to extend agreements to non-parties is of the utmost importance to the very existence of Bargaining Councils. “

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