8 February 2017
On 31 March 2005, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted Resolution 1593, in terms of which it referred the situation in Darfur from 1 July 2002 to the International Criminal Court (ICC or Court). Following the investigations of the Office of the Prosecutor, President Omar al-Bashir, the current President of Sudan, stands accused of several international crimes under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Rome Statute). On 4 March 2009, the Pre-Trial Chamber of the ICC issued a warrant of arrest for President al-Bashir based on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. This was followed by a second warrant of arrest based on charges of genocide, issued on 12 July 2010.